Tuesday, August 21, 2007

Cellular technologies - revolution in treatment of a diabetes

The diabetes is widely widespread and very dangerous disease fraught with many heavy complications. The essence of disease consists in increase of concentration of glucose in blood which is not acquired in enough by cells of an organism. At many sick of a diabetes the constant hyperglycemia which leads to such illnesses, as the intimate illnesses, a progressing atherosclerosis of vessels, defeats of nerves, blindness and renal insufficiency develops.

Many diabetics become invalids because of defeat of vessels of the bottom finitenesses, so-called " diabetic stops ". At a diabetes the blood-groove in fine vessels and capillaries is broken, and vascular complications are observed at all forms of a diabetes and practically at all patients. And it sharply reduces quality of a life of patients, dooming them on sufferings.

Problem of a diabetes of 1 type that the damaged pancreas does not develop a hormone the insulin supervising a level of sugar in blood, in enough that causes the strongest weakness, often sharp growing thin, strong feeling of famine. At the given type of a diabetes имунные cells which should defend an organism from microbes, amaze cells of a pancreas making insulin, so-called бета-cells since wrongly accepts them for alien.

As a result development of insulin decreases, and the organism loses ability to take from food energy. Glucose cannot get more into cells where it is necessary, and instead of it collects in blood, amazing internal bodies. Constant introduction of preparations of insulin practises traditional treatment of this type of a diabetes.

At a diabetes 2 types, unlike 1-st, insulin is developed by cells of a pancreas, but not perceived by bodies and fabrics of an organism, they as though lose to it sensitivity. The given type of a diabetes often grows out excess weight. Traditional treatment in this case consists in decrease in a level of glucose in blood and assumes reception sugar dicreasing, and also the medicines improving blood circulation in peripheral vessels.

At a diabetes of both types appoint also physical activities and dietetic therapy. Not looking at a wide range of preparations, their efficiency in treatment of a diabetes, unfortunately, it is insufficient. It is obvious, that methods which would struggle not with symptoms are necessary for effective treatment of a diabetes of 1 type, and with the reason, i.e. would help to restore ability of a pancreas of the patient to develop own insulin.

Application regenerative, including cellular, technologies does it possible. At transplantation stem cells of a bone brain in the amazed pancreas occurs some kind of "transformation" of these cells into groups of cells, the so-called betta-cells producing insulin which quantity is lowered in a pancreas of 1 type sick of a diabetes.